Amy Horn

Photographer

Switzerland Paris Agreement

At the climate change conference in Paris at the end of 2015, a new climate agreement was adopted, requiring all states to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions for the first time. The distinction that has existed so far between developed and developing countries is thus largely removed. Ghana`s President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo`s statement called on the private sector of both countries to “consider this bilateral cooperation as a step towards strengthening cooperation between Swiss and Ghanaian companies to identify economically viable and sustainable development projects over the next decade.” Shirley Ayorkor Botchway, Minister of Foreign Affairs, addressed and thanked Professor Kwabena Frimpong-Boateng, Minister of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation, and UNDP for facilitating the agreement process. The partnership will stimulate private sector investment in Ghana`s national energy access program (NCEP) and complement Ghana`s national contributions to the Paris Agreement. NCEP will benefit up to five million homes through technologies such as improved stoves and solar photovoltaic installations. Ghana is also considering other projects under the agreement. So far, Switzerland has not formulated a concrete Covid-19 recovery plan, but has implemented individual measures that are not green-oriented. Switzerland`s overall 2030 target of reducing the 50% level below 1990 levels has not changed, but the government has recently committed to achieving three-fourths of this target with national reductions, an increase from the previous 60%. A recent emissions agreement with Peru will help Switzerland fulfill the non-national component of its NDCs, but this agreement prejudges an international agreement on the rules governing these agreements.

The CTU continues to view the NDC as “inadequate.” UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner said: “We are proud to facilitate dialogue between Switzerland and Ghana, build confidence in the process on both sides and offer technical assistance to its implementation. We hope that this bilateral agreement will enable Ghana`s National Clean Energy Access Program (NCEP) to achieve its goals by reducing greenhouse gas emissions by up to 2 million tonnes, enabling millions of people to access energy and turning to a green recovery.┬áThe Paris Agreement stipulates that the 55 countries responsible for 55% of global emissions must ratify the agreement for it to enter into force. This quorum was reached on 5 October 2016 and the first conference of the parties, which served as a meeting of the parties to the Paris Agreement, was held in Marrakech in November 2016. Switzerland ratified the Paris Agreement on October 6, 2017. It has therefore committed to achieving an emissions reduction target of less than 50% by 2030 compared to 1990, including partial emission reductions abroad. In addition, Switzerland has set an indicative overall reduction target of minus 70 to 85 per cent by 2050 compared to 1990, even if emissions are partially counted abroad.

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